Lights and Fans Near Swimming Pools and Spas

Outdoor Pools, Spas, and Hot Tubs – New Lights and Fans
1. Do not install new or additional lights and ceiling fans in the following areas above and near outdoor swimming pools, spas, and hot tubs:                                                                  (a) directly above the pool, spa, or hot tub beginning at the maximum water level and extending 12 feet vertically, and
(b) beginning at the inside edge of the pool, spa, or hot tub and extending 5 feet horizontally and 12 feet vertically from the maximum water level.
2. Do not allow any part of the light or fan, including fan blades, within the restricted area. No exceptions exist for this limitation.

 

Indoor Pools, Spas, and Hot Tubs – New Lights and Fans
1. You may install new or additional lights and ceiling fans above and within (≤) 5 feet from the inside edge of indoor swimming pools, spas and hot tubs if all of the following are true:
(a) lights are completely enclosed (no exposed light bulbs), and if
(b) the circuit is GFCI protected, and if
(c) the vertical distance between the maximum water level and the lowest projection from the light or ceiling fan is at least (≥) 90 inches.
2. You may install surface mounted or recessed lights that are less than (<) 90 inches above indoor spas and hot tubs if all of the following are true:
(a) the circuit is GFCI protected, and if
(b) the light has a glass or plastic lens or globe or electrically isolated metal trim, and if
(c) the light is listed for damp locations.
3. You are not required to GFCI protect lights that have all parts more than (>) 12 feet above the maximum water level of indoor swimming pools, spas, and hot tubs.

Pools and Outdoor Spas, and Hot Tubs – Existing Lights
1. You may keep existing lights located within (≤) 5 feet from the inside edge of indoor and outdoor swimming pools and outdoor spas and hot tubs if all of the following are true:
(a) the light is at least (≥) 5 feet above the maximum water level, and if
(b) the light is securely fastened to the existing structure, and if
(c) the circuit is GFCI protected.
2. You may not keep existing lights located within (≤) 5 feet from the inside edge of indoor and outdoor swimming pools and outdoor spas and hot tubs if the existing lights are located less than (<) 5 feet above the maximum water level.

Pools, Spas, and Hot Tubs – Lights Between Five and Ten Feet from Water’s Edge
1. Provide GFCI protection for lights installed between (≥) 5 feet and 10 feet from the inside edge of indoor and outdoor swimming pools and outdoor spas and hot tubs if the lights are less than (<) 5 feet above maximum water level or if the lights are not securely fastened to the structure.  You are not required to provide GFCI protection for these lights if they are at least (≥) 5 feet above maximum water level and are securely fastened to the structure.

Communication, Telephone, and Other Outlets Clearances
1. Locate outlets for cable TV, telephone, computer, remote control, door bells, and similar systems at least (≥) 10 feet from the inside edge of all indoor and outdoor swimming pools.

Overhead Wire Clearances
1. Install telephone and cable TV wires at least (≥) 10 feet vertically above or at least (≥) 10 feet horizontally from the inside edge of swimming pools, spas, and hot tubs, and from any diving structures, observation stands, towers, and platforms. Note that broadband communication systems operate at higher voltages and are not the same as cable TV wires. Provide the same clearance to broadband communication system wires as to service drop wires operating at not more than (≤) 750 volts. See Section NEC Article 830.
2. Install electrical wires with the minimum vertical clearances from the following table. Maintain the vertical clearance for at least (≥) 10 feet horizontally from the structures listed in the table. Note that the (≤) 750 volt column applies to most residential overhead service drops.
3. Do not install new swimming pools, spas and hot tubs under existing telephone, cable TV, broadband communication, and electrical wires unless the required clearances are maintained.

Underground Wire Clearances
1. Do not install underground electrical wires within (≤) 5 feet horizontally from the inside walls of indoor and outdoor swimming pools and outdoor spas and hot tubs. This restriction does not apply to pool lights and other necessary pool equipment and it does not apply if space limits make the clearance impossible.
2. Use corrosion-resistant RMC or IMC or approved nonmetallic conduit or tubing to install underground electrical wires that are within (≤) 5 feet horizontally from the inside walls of indoor swimming pools and outdoor spas and hot tubs.
3. Bury RMC and IMC at least (≥) 6 inches deep and bury nonmetallic conduit or tubing at least (≥) 18 inches deep