Receptacles and Switches Near Swimming Pools and Spas

Measuring Distance Between Receptacles and Pools and Spas
1. Measure the distance between a receptacle or a switch and the nearest inside wall of a pool or spa by using a straight line between the two points that does not penetrate a permanent barrier such as a door, window, wall, floor, or ceiling. Example: an interior receptacle that is 4 feet from the inside edge of an outdoor pool is acceptable because the receptacle and pool are separated by a wall.

 

Receptacles Near Swimming Pools and Outdoor Spas and Hot Tubs
1. Do not locate any receptacles less than (<) 6 feet from the inside edge of all indoor and outdoor swimming pools and all outdoor spas and hot tubs. You may locate circulation system receptacles at least (≥) 6 feet and less than (<) 10 feet from the inside edge of any indoor or outdoor swimming pool and outdoor spa and hot tub if all of the following apply:
(a) the receptacle serves a pump motor or other load associated with the circulation system, and if
(b) the receptacle is a single locking type, and if
(c) the receptacle is GFCI protected.
2. Locate at least (≥) one 120 volt, 15 amp or 20 amp general purpose receptacle at least (≥) 6 feet and not more than (≤) 20 feet from the inside edge of all indoor and outdoor swimming pools and all outdoor spas and hot tubs. Locate this receptacle not more than (≤) 78 inches above the walking surface serving the swimming pool and outdoor spa and hot tub.
3. Place all receptacles located not more than (≤) 20 feet from the inside edge of all indoor and outdoor swimming pools and all outdoor spas and hot tubs on a GFCI protected circuit.
4. Place all 15 and 20 amp, 120 and 240 volt outlets serving pump motors, whether by receptacle or hard-wired connection, on a GFCI protected circuit.

Receptacles Near Indoor Spas and Hot Tubs
1. Do not locate receptacles less than (<) 6 feet from the inside edge of all indoor spas and hot tubs.
2. Locate at least (≥) one 120 volt, 15 amp or 20 amp receptacle between at least (≥) 6 feet and not more than (≤) 10 feet from the inside edge of all indoor spas and hot tubs.
3. Place all receptacles located within (≤) 10 feet from the inside edge of all indoor spas and hot tubs on a GFCI protected circuit.

Switches Near Swimming Pools and Spas
1. Locate switches at least (≥) 5 feet horizontally from the inside edge of indoor and outdoor swimming pools and spas and hot tubs. This restriction does not apply if: (a) a permanent barrier such as a solid fence or a wall is between the switch and the water’s edge, or if (b) the switch is listed for use within 5 feet from a swimming pool or spa. This restriction does not apply to whirlpool bathtubs.

Electrical Disconnecting Means Near Swimming Pools and Spas
1. Install readily accessible equipment that will simultaneously disconnect power to all swimming pool and spa and hot tub related equipment, other than lights. Locate this equipment within sight of the equipment it serves and at least (≥) 5 feet from the inside edge of the swimming pool or spa. The equipment may be circuit breakers, fuses, or switches.